TwitterFacebook“We develop independence, one child at a time.” 

Search

Signs of Autism

3937805-a-girl-with-her-back-turned-and-ears-coveredChildren with an ASD exhibit a wide range of behaviours. Essentially though, the child will have difficulty relating to others and making friends; difficulty in communicating (some children may not talk at all); and be unable to engage in imaginative play.
Other signs include obsessions, fears, a lack of awareness of danger, ritualistic play and behaviour, inappropriate eye contact, hypersensitivity to sound, light etc., pinning objects and hand flapping.
A child does not need to show all these signs to be diagnosed as having an ASD and some children who do not have an ASD may exhibit some of these behaviours.

Sensory difficulties - Lights

25420463-lawrenceville-ga-usa--november-23-2013--a-mixture-of-discarded-light-bulbs-to-be-recycled-fills-a-bo

Sensitivity to certain lightning can be a particular problem for people with autism. For instance strip fluorescent lighting can be experienced as painful and distracting. It has also been found that the use of pen lights can trigger seizures in those susceptible 20-30% of people with ASD.  ( Kagan-Kushnir, Roberts and Snead, 2005)

Going to the doctor: A guide for children with an Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)

Autism South Africa
Going to the doctor: A guide for children with an Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)
By Emma Jones

Touch (Tactile System)

14282442-children-at-a-reception-at-the-doctorSome people with an ASD are not very sensitive – hypo-sensitive- to touch. This means that they may have a high threshold to pain or temperature and do not mind heavier pressure when touched. This can cause difficulty when being examined by the doctor as the person with autism may not appear to be in pain but could, for example, have broken a bone.link sit na die res 

The person with an ASD may be unable to decode the different body sensations to recognise it as pain.
They can display unusual responses to pain such as laughing, humming or taking their clothes off which may make it difficult for the doctor to recognise and identify the problem. It may be that change in behaviour is the only indicator that a person with autism is in pain.

On the other hand, a person with autism may be very sensitive – hyper-sensitive-to touch. They may experience the slightest touch as uncomfortable or even painful and will therefore withdraw from touch. This can cause difficulties when a doctor is trying to conduct a physical examination. Materials used could also be a problem: for instance, the paper sheet on the examination table, cotton wool or plasters may cause particular discomfort.

Sensory difficulties - Lights

25420463-lawrenceville-ga-usa--november-23-2013--a-mixture-of-discarded-light-bulbs-to-be-recycled-fills-a-boSensitivity to certain lightning can be a particular problem for people with autism. For instance strip fluorescent lighting can be experienced as painful and distracting. It has also been found that the use of pen lights can trigger seizures in those susceptible 20-30% of people with ASD.  ( Kagan-Kushnir, Roberts and Snead, 2005)
 

 

Fear of the unexpected

18736170-doctor-giving-child-injection-in-doctor-s-officeAlthough a visit to the GP can provide the structure that people with autism require in that there is a definite routine involved, it can still cause anxiety.

This may be the due to the fact that in most cases it is not known exactly what a doctor will do. The unstructured time in the waiting room and the other patients present can be difficult for a person with an ASD. The unfamiliarity of the consultation room and equipment used can seem quite daunting.

Alternatively, negative experiences from the past and associations with pain can influence the future associations and fear of the experience of a person with ASD.
 

 

 

 

 

Early Years and Autism Spectrum Disorder

Autism South Africa
Early Years and Autism Spectrum Disorder
By Christine Deudney and Lynda Tucker

WHAT IS AN AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDER (ASD)?


1235232 615388765192838 1789035469 aAn Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a lifelong condition that affects the way a person communicates and relates to the people around them. People with ASD have difficulty on relating to others in a meaningful way. Their ability to develop friendships is generally limited as is their capacity to understand other people’s emotional expressions. Some people, but not all, have accompanying learning disabilities .All people with ASD have impairments in social interaction, social communication and imagination. This is known as the triad of impairments.


Some children may be diagnosed as having Asperger syndrome or high functioning autism. Children with Asperger syndrome have fewer problems with language than those with Classic/Kanner autism, often speaking fluently, though their words can sometimes sound formal or stilted.


People with Asperger syndrome do not usually have the accompanying learning disabilities associated with Classic/Kanner autism: in fact, children with Asperger syndrome are often of average or above intelligence. Many will enter mainstream school and, with the right support and encouragement, can make good progress and go on to further education and employment.


It is important to realise that each person with an ASD is different from the next so the descriptions in this information sheet should only be taken as a general guide. Nevertheless, the common problems affecting social interaction, communication and imagination and the behaviour are common to all.

 

SIGNS OF AUTSIM

3937805-a-girl-with-her-back-turned-and-ears-coveredChildren with an ASD exhibit a wide range of behaviours. Essentially though, the child will have difficulty relating to others and making friends; difficulty in communicating (some children may not talk at all); and be unable to engage in imaginative play.
Other signs include obsessions, fears, a lack of awareness of danger, ritualistic play and behaviour, inappropriate eye contact, hypersensitivity to sound, light etc., pinning objects and hand flapping.
A child does not need to show all these signs to be diagnosed as having an ASD and some children who do not have an ASD may exhibit some of these behaviours.

SNAP on SABC2 Fokus

Following World Autism Day, the SABC2 programme Fokus included SNAP in its episode about Autism.

Click here to download the video clip - please be patient as the file size is 38MB

joomla wellnessLorem Ipsum has been the industry's standard dummy text ever since the 1500s...